Geography Terms

It is important to the understanding of some events in history to know the geography of the region where the events occured. Geography can greatly impact how and where people live. Geography can also be an indicator of why civilizations thrive and perish.

In your student notebooks write the title, Geography Terms on the top of your first page. Now define each of the following words. You can use an online dictionary or Google or Bing search for each word. Remember, we are looking for the geographical definition, i.e., [in other words] the one that describes a feature of the earth. Delta, therefore, is defined, for our purposes, as a piece of land shaped like a triangle that is formed when a river splits into smaller rivers and deposits sediments before it flows into an ocean.

archipelago bay cape
delta gulf harbor
isthmus ocean strait
tributary canal butte
desert glacier island
lake mountain range geyser
mouth peninsula volcano
river swamp plateau

Below are some definitions for the above words. These definitions are not in order with the words. You can check your understanding of each of the geography terms by reading the definition and seeing if you can remember the term that matches the definition. If not, do some more reviewing of your terms. Note: You will be tested on these terms AND the spelling of these words so, practice, practice, practice.

1 an area of land completely surrounded by water
2 a large body of water surrounded by land
3 a large stream of water that flows into a lake or ocean or other body of water
4 a triangular deposit of sand and soil that collects at the mouth of some rivers
5 the largest body of water (Atlantic and Pacific are examples)
6 the opening to a cave, river or bay
7 a mountain with a flat/level top, smaller than a plateau
8 a point of land extending into a body of water
9 a row of connected mountains
10 land surrounded by water on all sides but one
11 part of an ocean extending into land and usually larger than a bay
12 an area of land higher in elevation with a flat/level top, larger than a butte
13 an opening in the earth's surface through which steam, ashes and magma are forced out
14 a narrow waterway connecting two large bodies of water
15 a stream or river that flows into a larger stream of river
16 an area of land that receives very little rainfall
17 a narrow strip of land with water on both sides connecting two larger areas of land
18 part of an ocean or lake extending into land and usually smaller than a gulf
19 water heated underground and then shoots upward (Old Faithful is the most well known of these)
20 a group of many islands
21 a waterway dug across land - a human made river
22 low wet land that supports grass and trees
23 a huge mass of ice that moves slowly down a mountain
24 a sheltered area of water where ships can anchor safely

If you have written down and checked your understanding of each of the terms and you find you have some time before class ends, a good use of your time is to watch Channel One News.