CHORD CONSTRUCTION

There are so many hundreds and thousands of possible chords it may seem like a simply impossible task of ever understanding them all but, and once again this is a BIG BUT, chords are really quite easy to understand. The first chords we will look at our the basic chords, or our THREE NOTE chords. That is they are constructed from three notes.

Most of the basic chords are three note chords, that is they are made by sounding three notes. There are four basic types of three-note chords, they are: Major, Minor, Diminished and Augmented. The first two, Major and Minor are the ones used most so these are the ones we shall focus our attention. Now to construct a chord it is quite simple we start by writing down the seven notes in the key of the chord's root note. The root note is the first note so for the key of C Major our notes would be as follows:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
C D E F G A B C

Major chords are constructed of the 1, 3 and 5 notes. This means to make a C major chord we will take the notes C, E and G. Any chord which consists solely of C, E and G notes will be a C major chord. Any different notes will change the chord's name. Further, our most basic chords will always lead with the root or 1st note, in this case the C note.

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