Corvette C1
Tech Specs Of the C1 Corvette

1953 C1 Corvette

1953 was the first year the Corvette was produced, it is the original "Classic Corvette". It debuted at the 1953 GM Motorama at the Waldorf Astoria in New York City. It was outfitted with a 6 cylinder "Blue-Flame" engine that produced 150 hp mated to a two-speed Powerglide automatic transmission. All 300 Corvettes that were produced in 1953 came with the same options and they were all painted "Polo White" with a red interior. Also included on all 1953's were whitewall tires and two-spinner hub caps. They also did not have outside door handles. To get in the car you must reach inside to open the door. 301 1953 Corvettes were built in Flint, Michigan at a temporary facility in the rear of Chevrolet's customer delivery garage on Van Slyke Ave. The first production 1953 Corvette was built on June 30, 1953. Because of the short production run the 1953 model it is the rarest of all Corvettes. After the first 301 were assembled, production moved to the new St. Loius factory. Zora Arus-Duntov joined Chevrolet this year, he would eventually become the Chief Engineer for Corvette.


Total 1953 Corvettes Built - 315 - All Convertibles.

 



1954 C1 Corvette

The 1954 Chevrolet Corvette saw production moved to a renovated plant in St. Louis, MO. Production was up to 3,640 cars this year but unfortunately a large amount of these remained unsold at the end of the year. The lack of an engine with decent horsepower, the marginal handling and the competition from American as well as European sports cars took its toll. There were more color options this year although the RPO options were not actually optional.

Total 1954 Corvettes Built - 3640.

1955 C1 Corvette

1955 Corvette production was expected to be 10,000 in 1955, the final numbers are much smaller, only 700 1955 Corvettes were finally manufactured. Many people believed this would be the last year for Corvette. Thanks at least in part to the success of the two-seat Ford Thunderbird, Chevy saw the market for the Corvette. he biggest change for the '55 was the addition of the optional 195 horsepower V8, although records show seven six-cylinder models were built. By the end of the year a three-speed manual transmission was available as well as the standard Powerglide. The electrical systems were 12 volt in the V8's, in the six cylinder models they used the 6 volt system common to the previous two years.The V8 models are identified by a larger gold "v" attached over the top of the small "v" on the badging on the front fenders, the VIN on these models also starts with a "V". Six cylinder VINs do not start with a "V". The windshield washer button is activated by a foot switch on the floor. An auxiliary hard top was not available from the factory or as Chevrolet sponsored dealer accessories. Third parties did manufacture a hard top that some dealers sold though.

Total 1955 Corvettes Built - 700 - All Convertibles.

1956 C1 Corvette

The 1956 Corvette recieved the first major body styling change since it's inception. The instrument panel was the only thing to stay the same. New features included roll-up windows with a power-assist option. The side-cove was new and could be painted a different color. For the first time Corvette had external door handles. Exposed headlights with chrome surrounds (except for very early production which were painted) were also new. Both white plastic and chrome steel shifter knobs were used, the white plastic was used earlier in the production year. This year introduced the dual four-barrel carburetors for the first time, these included a cast aluminum intake manifold. Valve covers for the base engine were painted steel covers with the Chevrolet script. Optional engines all have a 9 fin cast alloy valve cover. New passenger seats can move fore and aft, earlier models had fixed passenger seats. Dual point distributors were included on all non-base engines and a higher output (53 amp-hour) 12 volt battery was standard.

Total 1956 Corvettes Built - 3,467 - All Convertibles.

1957 C1 Corvette

The 1957 Corvette came from the factory with seat belt brackets, the actual belts were a dealer installed option. 1957 marked the first year fuel injection was available, 1,040 cars were equipped with the Rochester Ramjet Fuel Injection (known as "Fuelies"). Road and Track measured a 0-60 time of 5.7 seconds in one of the new "Fuelies". It was also the first year for the optional 4-speed transmission, only 664 cars were equipped with the 4-speed from the factory. Both white plastic and chrome plated steel shifter knobs were produced, the white plastic is usually seen on the later cars. The 579E option included a tachometer mounted on top of the steering column and a fresh air intake. The base engine has painted valve covers with the Chevrolet script, optional engines have 7 or 9 fin cast alloy valve covers.

Total 1957 Corvettes Built - 3,467 - All Convertibles.




1958 C1 Corvette


The 1958 Corvette now included factory seat belts as standard equipment. The styling was kicked up a notch with new dual chrome rimmed headlights on each side, fake hood louvers and chrome spears on the trunk lid. The grill was toned down to 9 teeth from the previous 13. All colors of 1958's were painted with acrylic lacquer replacing the nitrocellulose paint that had been used previously. The gauges were moved closer together in front of the driver for better viewing and included a 160 MPH speedometer. A passenger grab bar was added. Front and rear bumpers were made larger. Valve covers on the base engine are painted steel with the Chevrolet script, all optional engines have 7 fin cast alloy valve covers.

Total 1958 Corvettes Built - 9,168- All Convertibles.


 

1959 C1 Corvette

The 1959 Corvette was mechanically unchanged from the 1958. It did have the new reverse lockout t-handle on the 4-speed shifter as well as an optional black interior. The fake hood louvers and chrome spears on the trunk were removed this year as well. The seats and door panels were redesigned and a shelf was added under the dash. A new instrument panel with concave instruments to reduce glare was introduced. The tachometer, seat belts, outside rear view mirrors, electric clock and dual exhast were now standard equipment. Sunvisors were offered as optional equipment. Interestingly the seat pleats on the 1959 run from side to side where the 1958 and 1960 run up and down. This was also the only year the turqoise soft top was available.

Total 1959 Corvettes Built - 9,670 - All Convertibles.


1960 C1 Corvette

The 1960 Corvette was very similar to the 1959 model. Aluminum radiators were installed on 270 horsepower and 290 horsepower Corvettes. The aluminum head engines that were advertised as code "DH" were too hard to manufacture and did not make it into the main production run. All engines except the base included cast alloy valve covers with 7 fins. The base engine included plain painted steel valve covers with the Chevrolet script. The front sway bar had an increase in diameter and a new rear sway bar was added to improve the handling of the car. Also a new aluminum clutch housing reduced the weight of the car by 18 pounds. All 1960 Corvettes with fuel injection required a manual transmission, earlier models allowed an automatic with the lower horsepower fuel injected engines. Fifteen of the 1960 production run were non-standard colors or primer. The passenger grab bar and storage bin from the previous year are still included.

Total 1960 Corvettes Built - 10,261 - All Convertibles.

1961 C1 Corvette

The 1961 Corvette was the first to include aluminum radiators as standard equipment. These radiators featured a new crossflow design. Unfortunately due to production delays some early 1961 Corvettes were built with the same copper radiators that were used in the 1960 models. The exhaust was moved to exit the car under the rear bumper instead of out of the bumber itself, this was to prevent the bumpers from getting dirty from the exhaust. The rear was completely redesigned to include the 4 tail lights that we now expect on a Corvette, the first year for that. The front of the car was the first that did not have the heavy teeth of previous years. The base engine was still supplied with a stamped valve cover with the Chevrolet script while the optional engines had 7-finned cast alloy valve covers. The 4-speed transmission was provided with an aluminum case this year. The transmission tunnel was also narrowed by 20% to give more interior space. This was the last year that the two-tone paint could be ordered from the factory. Dual carburetor engines were also available for the last time in 1961. This was also the last year for the 283 ci engines. Courtesy lights, windshield washers, temperature controlled radiator fan, sun shades and parking brake warning light all became standard this year.This was the only year for the Jewel Blue color. In 1961 17 Corvettes were delivered in non-standard colors or primer. 1961 also introduced us to the first "Shark" concept car.

Total 1961 Corvettes Built - 10,261 - All Convertibles.

1962 C1 Corvette The 1962 Corvette was offered in solid colors only, the grill is blacked out and the chrome trim around the coves was removed. For the first time since 1957 buyers could order the wheels in the following colors: Black, Beige, Red, Silver, or Maroon. For the first time seat belts were standard equipment from the factory. All engines were now 327 ci, the 283 ci was retired in 1961. 1962 was the last year for the solid axle. This is also the last year for an external trunk until the 1998 C5. The exposed headlights also dissapeared until the 2005 C6. The Heater/Defroster became standard equipment this year although they could be deleted to save the weight for owners who were buying the car to race it. Total 1962 Corvettes Built - 14,531 - All Convertibles.

1953 was the first year the Corvette was produced, originally envisioned by Harley Earl, the Corvette was Chevy's first entrance in the 1953 GM Motorama. The GM Motorama was GM's "dream car" show and had been used in the past to showcase the new Cadillacs, Oldsmobiles, Pontiacs and Buick. Chevrolet had been shunned from the show because it was percieved as a car for the masses and didn't need a show. Earl had decided that the Corvette could be built using parts from existing passenger cars. It was decided that the Motorama car would be built from fiberglass because of the ease of manufacture and the production car would be built from steel. Originally the Corvette was to be a 1954 model, because of the popularity at the Motorama show it was decided to start production early.

Robert Morrison had inherited a small fiberglass reinforced plastics factory in the early 50's. He met with GM purchasing agent Carl Klein on February 5, 1953 to talk about producing the Corvette parts in fiberglass. After meeting with Chevy engineers at his plant Carl thought that they might have a deal. After not hearing from them for two weeks he got a phone call setting up a meeting to plan the production of 12,300 sets of the 103 parts needed for each Corvette. Due to a scheduling mix-up the men he was supposed to meet were not there. When he was leaving he met Elmer Gormsman getting off the elevator, Elmer was the boss of the two men who weren't there and hadn't been told about the decision to use fiberglass over steel. He told Morrison that Chevrolet had made the decision to go with steel for the Corvette. After a long night Morrison arrived home at around 1:30 AM, his wife told him someone from Chevy had called and to call anytime he got home. It was Gormsman, he told Morrison to rent the empty building he had been looking at so they could start manufacturing the first Corvette.

Harley Earl wanted to use a V-8 from Cadillac, Oldsmobile or Pontiac but none of them would allow Chevrolet to use one of their engines. The standard Blue Flame Special six cylinder engine produced a meager 115 horsepower. Harry Barr had joined the Chevy team from working on the Cadillac V-8, he started work on the Blue Flame Special. By adding mechanical valve lifters, a new aluminum intake manifold for three Carter carburetor and a split exhaust manifold leading to split exhaust pipes at the back. All these improvements got the Blue Flame Special up to 150 horsepower, a far cry from the competition Jaguar's 180 horsepower.

Only 315 1953 Corvettes were built and all had the same options. The first production car ever made with a fiberglass body. Each one was basically hand built. Because of the passenger car heritage of most of the parts handling and performance left something to be desired. The styling was well recieved but the 6-cylinder Blue Flame Special engine only produced 150 horsepower and the two-speed automatic transmission wasn't what sports car enthusiasts were looking for. 301 1953 Corvettes were built in Flint, Michigan at a temporary facility in the rear of Chevrolet's customer delivery garage on Van Slyke Ave.

The first 50 cars were delivered to hand-picked celebrities, athletes and corporate executives. When the other 250 cars became available, Chevy found there weren't 250 more A-List buyers who wanted to pay a high price for such a crude car. Water leaks from the windshield and top and the performance didn't rate for such an expensive car. Production of the 1953 Corvette in Flint ended on December 24, 1953 with a total of 315 Corvettes, all Polo White.

Production started in the new St. Louis plant December 28th 1953, Corvette would be built in this plant until 1981. The last 14 1953 Corvettes were built in the new plant before January 1st. 1953 production ended at 315 total cars.
Zora Arkus-Duntov had been hired by Chevrolet and joined the Corvette staff during 1953. He had seen the Corvette at the Motorama show and wanted to work on it. He started in on the Corvette as soon as he could. One of the changes modified the camshaft to get the Blue Flame Special up to 155 horsepower. During the 1954 production two new colors were introduced, black and Sportsman Red, all corvettes still had red interiors. Later in the year Pennant Blue Corvettes showed up as well. More advertising produced more buyers but even though Chevy built 3,640 they only sold 2,780 during 1954.

During 1954 the major complaint about Corvette was the lack of horsepower. Ed Cole had been hired from the Caddilac division and conviced Chevrolet brass that a new 265 cubic inch V-8 was needed. After hiring hundreds of engineers bringing his staff to over 2,900. They had a new engine designed and running in 15 weeks.

1955 Corvettes didn't change much, the new engine wasn't ready and money wasn't available for new body or interior changes. Pennant Blue was replaced with Harvest Gold and Sportsman Red became Gypsy Red. Near the end of 1954 the engineering team installed the new engine in the original engineering development car 002. After taking it out for 25,000 flawless miles of driving. After the testing it was decided to use the new engine in the 1955 Corvette with the two-speed powerglide as well as a new 3-speed manual. The new engine dropped 0-60 times by a full 3 seconds to 8.0 seconds in late 1955 cars with the 3-speed transmission.

Ford announced it's new Thunderbird sports car in March 1954 for delivery in September. It had 160 horsepower, roll-up windows and was made of steel. It was also priced at $2,695. By the end of 1955 Ford had sold 16,155 Thunderbirds while the 1955 Corvette production was halted in mid-year after only 700 Corvetts were built some including the 3-speed transmission. The Corvette was on the line and the thing that saved it was the Ford Thunderbird, Alfred Sloan and the GM board decided that there was a market for Corvette because the Thunderbird had sold so well. They just needed to get the car right.

For 1956, Jaguar was no longer the competitor. Mercedes had introduced the SL which inspired Clare MacKichan. Stylist Bob Cadaret added bulges to the hood, MacKichan thought they said "power". They also added a long scallop along the side of the car inspired by Cadillac La Salle Dream Car. 1956 Corvettes got roll-up windows (power available), outside door handles and an optional power lift for the convertible top. This was about the time that Zora wrote the memo that had woken up Chevrolet, he wanted to include performance parts as regular production options (R.P.O.). He had been reading sports car magazines and all they talked about was the Ford performance options. With the new V-8 engine, which weighed 45 pounds less than the Blue Flame Special, handling and performance were coming together for Corvette. The V-8 was also shorter and lower which also improved handling. Two versions of the V-8 were available. A single carbureter version with 210 horsepower and a dual-carb with 225 horsepower. A significant change at Ford moved the Thunderbird towards the "personal" car market and away from the sports car market.

1957 increased the cylinder bore from 265 cubic inches to 283. Three versions were available, the base dual-carb version with 245 horsepower, a 270 horsepower version and a 283 horsepower version using the new RamJet Fuel Injection. The fuel injected cars are now known as "Fuelies". In May of 1957 a four-speed transmission was made available, most "Fuelies" were not built until the 4-speed was available although 1,040 cars were built with the fuel injection while 664 were built with the 4-speed. Road and Track tested the "Fuelie" and recorded 0-60 times of 5.7 seconds. The Corvette body was not changed much for 1957 because of resource availabity. Corvette was changing internally and other Chevy cars and trucks were getting body changes, the big changes planned for Corvettes body had to wait until 1958.

During this time racing had been getting a bad reputation becase of a series of horrific crashes. GM Chairman Harlow Curtice proposed a ban on "participation in automobile racing or other competitive events involving tests of speed". Every large car manufacturer signed on. Although GM signed on it still produced 51 Corvettes in 1957 and 144 in 1958 with RPO 684. It included heavy-duty brakes and suspension as well as ducting for the front and rear brakes to direct fresh air over them for cooling.

1958 was a quick face-lift on the earlier model. Design for a radically new car had progressed to the clay model stage but was scrapped. The car grew 9.2 inches in length and 2.3 inches in width. The new bumpers were actually attached to the frame of the car giving true protection. Acrylic lacquers replaced the nitrocellulose paints and the dash was redesiged to put all the gauges in front of the driver. New chrome and trim pieces were added to the hood and trunk. A new version of the fuel injected engine increased horsepower to 290. Even though GM was fully participating in the AMA racing ban customers could still order a car that could compete directly from the factory. Jim Jeffords was an advertising executive and ordered a Corvette with all the racing options. He painted the car purple and named it the "Purple People Eater" after a popular song. He won the SCCA B-production championship with the car.

On December 1st 1958 Bill Mitchell took over as Vice President of styling from Harley Earl. He removed much of the trim on the trunk and the louvers for the 1959 Corvette. Corvettes base price for 1959 climbed to $3,875.

The basic body was carried over to 1960 while Zora continued to come up with new options that made the Corvette go faster, stop faster and go around corners like a real race car.

1961 and 1962 brought bigger engines and body refinements but the big change would come in 1963 with the introduction of the C2.